How To Set Up A  Great Home Woodwork Shop
How To Set Up A Great
Home Woodwork Shop

Planning is the secret to a successful home woodwork shop.

More and more people are setting up a woodworking or model engineering shop, either in their basement or garage.

Home Woodwork Shop Considerations


The first step is to make sure your location is dry. Therefore, you may need to make repairs to your garage roof, windows or door. If you are planning on using your basement then you will need to waterproof it, so that damp and the corrosion and rot it causes do not become issues.


Your next step is to provide water and electricity supplies. Also, you will need to have hand washing facilities if you are going to keep your job clean. An electricity supply suitable for running your machine tools is essential. These are the tools that are hard-wired in place. You will also need lots of switched electric sockets about three feet from the floor. These are for plug-in tools.


You may need to increase the number of lights. Three fluorescent fittings will be enough for most home workshops. The glare-free ones are better, but you may need to fit four of these. You should also consider fitting smaller local lights above your drill, saw and lathe.

Good Lighting Is Essential 
For A Home Woodwork Shop
Good lighting is essential
for a home woodwork shop

Tool Position

You will need to decide on the location for your machine tools. As these will need to be away from the door and back onto a wall. This is to reduce the possibility of someone walking around the back and getting hurt.

Dust in Your Home Woodwork Shop

You need to install a dust extraction system, especially for wood and plastic work. This will remove potentially harmful sawdust from your machining areas and collect it for disposal. You can also look into recycling this sawdust for compost or to compress into fire bricks. Our article on heating with wood may provide you with more ideas

Choosing your tools and workbench For a Home Woodwork Shop.

A few solid wood traditional woodworking benches are the best choice. Also, these will last for years and should be solidly built.


A lathe is an absolutely essential tool for home model makers and woodworking businesses.

A Lathe Allows The Creation Of Many 
Useful Items Including New Tool Handles in a home woodwork shop
A Lathe allows the creation of many
useful items including new tool handles

It is essentially a device for reshaping square cross-section timber, metal, or plastic into a circular cross-section piece of finished material. This is achieved by holding the material to be worked between 2 plates and spinning it. As the material spins someone holds a sharp tool against it, shaving off some of the material. You can make a Round table and chair legs using a lathe. Lathes are specialized for the material. Therefore, make sure you purchase a suitable one for the material you need to work with.

Lathes come in different specifications, designed for different intensities of use. The home model maker will clearly need a much lower spec lathe than the timber company making tables. Specification differences include the output of the motor, the distance between centers (the clamping plates), stands, and chuck size.

Lathes range from the higher-priced JET JWL-1221VS 12-Inch by 21-Inch Variable Speed Wood Lathe to the lower cost of a WEN 3421 3.2-Amp 8″ by 12″ Variable Speed Mini Benchtop Wood Lathe

It is possible to buy second-hand lathes without too much difficulty and someone starting out, either in-home model making or in a home-based business should probably consider this option first.

Band Saw

The band saw has become the preferred power saw for most woodworkers. It has a long band of steel as the blade that travels around two or three wheels. Also, the band comes in various widths and it is possible to use a narrow width band saw blade for scroll-work and irregular shapes.

A Good Selection Of Hand Saws Can Be 
Augmented With The Purchase Of A Bandsaw To Speed Up Your Work Process in your Home Woodwork Shop
A good selection of hand saws can be
augmented with the purchase of a
bandsaw to speed up your work process

Timber mills use very large band saws for ripping lumber; they are preferred over circular saws for ripping because they result in less waste.

Resaws are large band saws optimized for a narrow kerf, which produces less waste. The blade is wide usually between 2 and 3 inches. These are primarily used for cutting wood along its thickness, to produce a veneer. Your choice in bandsaws can range from the higher cost of a JET JWBS-18-3 3 hp Bandsaw to the more budget WEN 3959 Benchtop Band Saw

Home woodworkers can purchase a range of band saws suitable for use in the basement or garage workshop.

Read our Article on Power Tools for tips on purchasing

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