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Unwanted insects in your garden are just that: unwanted. These pests may eat and destroy your crops, something shared by any farmer or home gardener. So how do we manage unwanted pests
Organic gardening is a means of controlling these insects naturally, without the use of dangerous pesticides. There are many ways you can control pests naturally. These are also cheap, easy, and good for the earth. In this article, we will look at ways for you to manage these pests naturally.
Protect your organic soil and beneficial insects
While pesticides may eliminate the pest, they most often cause more harm than good. Unfortunately, many home and commercial gardeners are unaware of alternatives to pesticides. That’s because it is a big part of our culture. Reaching for a quick fix, albeit a dangerous fix is a deep-seated and detrimental habit.
Yet apart from damaging the soil and being a health hazard to people including our children pesticides present a major problem. They eradicate species indiscriminately, causing helpful garden co-habitants to disappear along with the harmful ones.
An organic garden with beneficial insects
Indeed, the fact remains that not all insects are unwanted pests. Any kindergartner can tell you that bees help flowers. He or she could also tell you that a ladybug is good luck. But more than just good luck, ladybugs are a highly helpful natural pesticide to have in your garden, feeding on a myriad of insect unwanted insects including aphids if you ever see little alligator-like insects around your garden, leave them be! These are the larval stage of ladybugs. Obviously, these are not as intelligent as your average kindergartner they kill bugs on a wholesale level while upsetting ecosystems and ruining your plants as well as your soil.
Are your garden pests resistant to pesticides?
Commercial farmers today have a strong reliance on pesticides. Large companies sell pesticides to farmers who use them on their crops. Over the years the unwanted insects become resistant to the pesticides and increasingly larger amounts must be used. So it is that the farmer pays more and more money and dumps more and more of them onto his/her crops-our food. The result is a coated crop and a pesticide-resistant bug, a crop that is more susceptible to the insect pest.
Are you harming the local bird population?
Recent studies have been conducted concerning pesticide effect on local bird populations. Birds eat the insects, which have ingested pesticides. As the pesticide is an indiscriminate poison, the bird is also targeted. Furthermore, if the birds do not immediately disappear, their eggshells become thinner and thinner and often break when parent birds sit on the eggs. This is a huge problem with bald eagles in North America. With no insects and no birds, those predators which live off of the birds disappear too, causing a huge disruption in the local ecosystem which is never beneficial to the growth of any kind.
Birds eat unwanted insects!
Encourage birds to come into your garden by placing a birdbath in the garden and by planting plants that will attract birds such as sunflowers. There are perennial sunflowers that attract birds all year-round. You can plant these like a hedge and repel deer and other animals. Helianthus maximillani.
The natural way to control unwanted pests requires a vigorous, balanced ecosystem. Years of pesticide use may be so disruptive to a local ecosystem that the land may become unusable after only a few years. They remain in the soil and become more concentrated with each year of use, eventually rendering the soil unable to produce vigorous plants.
The soil can heal
However, there is hope. Some products like methyl bromide can be amended by simply adding organic matter to the infected soil. The result is the addition of the organic portion of this pesticide to the organic matter that you already added and the liberation of the bromide ion. At the very least, you can add organic matter to a laden soil to simply dilute the concentration. However, you can also look up the MSDS online for that to learn how to amend it.
Organic alternatives to pesticides
There are many natural, organic alternatives to pesticides that are more long-lasting, safe, vigorous, and generally effective.
One of the simplest pest control devices is a barrier. By covering a row of crop with a light netting (which allows the sunlight to come through) flying unwanted insects are effectively kept away from the plants. These are generally used for food crops. Cabbage can be protected from flea beetles and green beans from Mexican Bean Beetles.
Another simple method to control unwanted pests for a small garden is handpicking. Many slugs and Hornworms can be handpicked off of plants with great success. Drop these insects into a dish of soapy water to kill them. Certain moths and bugs can be knocked out of trees with a stick; allow them to fall onto a large piece of cloth so that they can be gathered and, later, submerged in a soapy solution or incinerated.
Beneficial Insects Will Control Unwanted Pests
Insects like the Ladybug and the Green Lacewing are beneficial. This is because they are the good guys who are on the hunt for the bad guys that are feeding on your plants.
Green Lacewings Chrysoperla carnea
Chrysoperla carnea is an all-purpose beneficial insect that feeds on unwanted bugs such as aphids and other insects that will come and feed on your plants. Green Lacewings are perfect for a backyard garden, larger garden, or a greenhouse.
Easy way to get rid of slugs and aphids!
Certain varieties of plants are more resistant to insects. Some research into the types of plants you grow and the unwanted insects common to your area could prevent a lot of pest problems. Also, some plants themselves are pesticides. For instance, planting tobacco around your vegetable garden is an excellent way to discourage slugs and aphids!
How native plants can revive your garden
Buy local transplants to avoid bringing non-native insects into your garden. Add mulch and other simple barriers around your crops, check your garden regularly.
Healthy plants are naturally more resistant to predators; just like having a strong immune system. All of these methods are natural and easy preventative measures to help you obtain a pest-free garden.
If your preventative measures did not work, there are many, natural and organic plant sprays that can control unwanted pests. A mixture of Petroleum oil and water sprayed onto a plant is a natural pesticide. This has been used effectively for hundreds of years in controlling unwanted insects. Many oils, shells, and plant extracts can also be used as safe, effective, natural pesticides.
Natural pest control is a safer and, ultimately, more effective means of keeping a vigorous organic garden. With a little more knowledge it becomes obvious that the use of non-organic pesticides is not only ineffective but dangerous and irresponsible.
By understanding your native habitat ecosystem and working in partnership with establishing a balance of beneficial insect predators such as ladybugs, praying mantis, and birds, as well as planting species that naturally prohibit invasion by unwanted insects, you too can have a vigorous garden by working in partnership with your garden.
Recommended Amazon Books
- Rodale’s Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening
- The Organic Gardener’s Handbook of Natural Pest and Disease Control
- Organic Gardening for Everyone
- The New Seed-Starters Handbook
- Rodale’s Basic Organic Gardening
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